This fall, appeared in Russia courses of improvement of qualification for lawyers in the field of blockchain. They have earned at the Center for digital economy and financial innovation at the Moscow state Institute of international relations of the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation (MGIMO-University).
The introduction of the blockchain in the legal field is one of the main tasks of these courses. What they are, how is the development of a legislative framework for the new technology, and what topics were the key, the correspondent Bits.media said the head of the working group of the State Duma of the Russian Federation estimated the risk of cryptocurrency circulation, Katya Sidorenko.
Bits.media: Elina, tell us about the concept of refresher courses for lawyers in the field of blockchain.
Elina Sidorenko: the course is designed for five days of training. They include four areas: first, the blockchain, smart contracts, cryptocurrencies, and ICO. We consider these trends in the framework of existing legislation and the changes that can happen in a short time. At the end of the course, students defend their own projects, which represent a model of legal regulation of ICO, mining and cryptocurrencies. After students receive a diploma of qualification of the state sample. The courses attract large numbers of listeners, now the training is seventy. Basically, it is the employees of banking sector and those of the ICO. But there are those who are simply interested in legal issues of the blockchain at the level of consulting activity.
B. M.: what is special about this course?
E. S.: Courses are the only venue in the country, which is the dialogue of tryptamines and public authorities. For example, the first course in September was attended by State Duma Deputy Andrei Lugovoi and Director of the Legal Department of the Central Bank Alexey Guznov.
The second course on cryptocurrencies was opened by the state Secretary of the Federal financial monitoring service Pavel Livadny. Now the speakers are the representatives of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation and the General Prosecutor’s office.
B. M.: is the courses attention to the taxation in the sphere of the blockchain?
E. S.: Of Course. Our discussions were joined by representatives of the Federal tax service. Just recently held a round table where experts discussed the issues of taxation in the field of blockchain technology.
As guests and speakers were representatives of financial law, banking and criminal. It was a very interesting dialogue in which the experts touched upon the issues of the cooperative LavkaLavka and identified the problems in terms of regulation of the taxation of bitcoin. This dialogue will become a strong rationale for elaborating in the framework of the Federal uniform strategy of taxation of cryptocurrencies and the ICO. Many of the speakers and listeners agree in the conclusions that may be easily used an existing model of taxation. Regarding cryptocurrency, it is better to use only some of the named types of agreement.
B. M.: What topics are discussed in class so far?
E. S.: the courses we try to understand how the existing legal framework — Russian and international — should be treated in financial technology.
Now, people have many questions connected with the taxation of the blockchain, a currency and foreign exchange regulation. For example, people want to understand how in the legal field to make a status token, as it is correct from an economic point of view to build a model for the ICO and how to use the experience of venture capital investment in a completely new system of the blockchain. We delve into the collective investment and investing. A separate discussion we dedicated smart contracts, because now it is unclear what they have a legal status. It is also important to understand what the criminological risks exist in the areas of using the cryptocurrency and regulation of the ICO.
B. M.: Why are these topics important?
E. C.: Russia and the world prepared for the introduction of digital technology from a scientific point of view, but is not ready from a legal. This is largely due to a shortage of specialists who would possess the legal knowledge in the field of blockchain. We try to fill this gap, giving courses already held lawyers to a proper understanding of new technologies and the feeling in which direction they should move. For example, right now an increasing interest of some companies to the ICO continues to blockchain economy tend the IT sector and credit institutions.
B. M.: What is the mission of the course?
E. S.: the courses we are trying to develop their proposals for legal regulation in the field of blockchain. This is true because the authorities are trying to create a legislative framework in the field of new technologies. Legislators expect from us a specific practice and to understand in which direction they should move.