In the 19th century, the police visited the prison and examined the prisoners, to remember their faces and appearance. It was, perhaps, the first stage in the history of the legal observation of anything or anyone.
However, the official history of CCTV began about 100 years ago, when in prison, Holloway began to use “modern photographic monitoring.” The police quietly took pictures of suspects and prisoners from great distances, so as to avoid an open photograph, it was easy enough to stuff your face or wear a hat. For example, did suffragettes, who, when arrested, refused to be photographed — faces, refused to stand still and covered his face.
Despite the fact that the first patent application on the technology of electronic television was filed in 1907, to achieve the invention of the first iconoscope and experiments with the transmission of electronic television was only in 1932 through the efforts of two immigrants from Russia — Vladimir Zworykin and David sarnov.
In the end these first experiments with electronic television to create the world’s first CCTV system was only 10 years old. This system was created in Germany by Siemens in 1942, for observing the testing of missiles “V-2” on the ground peenemünde. As for the first commercial CCTV system, it is considered Vericon, which was launched in USA in 1949. 7 years later for monitoring street traffic in the Hamburg system was launched called «Zauberspiegel», or «Magic mirror». Then it is extended in cities such as Munich and Hanover. Britain was the first to use permanent stationary cameras in public places. It happened in 1960.
In General, we can assume that a fairly widespread use of video surveillance systems, not by today’s standards, of course, began approximately in the 1960s, when the public chamber began to actively spread in America and Europe.
The early CCTV systems were not as “smart” and feature as it is now. They were only allowed to view the images from the cameras, and entry was only possible in manual mode by the operator. Continuous recording was possible only a decade later. Since the 1980-ies the engineers and the developers began to make cameras more convenient — smaller, color images etc. for the First time a significant qualitative improvement in this field occurred with the advent of digital technology and the advent of fully digital surveillance systems — IP and SDI. And analog systems, in turn, began to record the signal on digital media.
The next important step in the development of technology is the emergence of a recognition system. the First camera with a similar system was installed in the London borough of niyam in 1998. It is not surprising that according to statistics, the average Briton hits the lenses of the cameras about 70 times a day. The UK is one of the leaders in the number of chambers in the country more than 1.85 million!
In 2000-ies the developers managed to achieve that the system of recognition of people’s faces was successful in 80% of cases. Now the figure has almost reached 100%, and this amounts to some tenths and hundredths.
Unfortunately, surveillance has evolved to the present day mainly prevent criminal activity and improve safety. And only a few developers are thinking about how to answer the more pressing demands of consumers, more subtle and sophisticated than the identification of criminals. Moreover, until today nobody was able everywhere to use all the advantages of modern video surveillance and face recognition because of a number of such fundamental problems as the processing and storage of information, development of special “intelligent” software is able to train CCTV camera, and, of course, the inability to combine all this in one product.
At the moment there are some good solutions that integrate digital video surveillance system with facial recognition and response, however, they are quite expensive, primarily because of the capabilities required to service this system. Of course, the data is already stored in centralized data centers, many companies use cloud storage. However, this is not enough for efficient operation of a unified video surveillance system that would be accessible to everyone, and would thus much more features than just record video.
The solution to this problem became possible after the appearance of another important technology, namely the blockchain.
It network and decentralized mining can take on incredibly complicated and cumbersome computational operations needed for the operation of modern surveillance systems, which can not only provide continuous processing of the video stream, but also to discern what is happening and to react to it. And all this without human intervention. Imagine that there are no more people who switch cameras, and carefully watching what is happening on the screen. There are no more risks associated with the fact that the man on the other side of surveillance will not notice the person became ill, or what happened to street theft. And you can be calm because of the camera around your home and inside it are constantly assessing the situation and will inform you via your smartphone that someone suspicious near the house, or that your child just came home from school, and even your dinner a little burnt.
Moreover, in such system it is impossible to compromise or tamper with the recording — “digital brain” will know exactly what is happening in the video and who these people are. Fire prevention, collection and analysis of data for marketing purposes or even a simple search of your keys, which again was not in its place — all this can make you smart camera of the future. And all of this will make you a bit freer from the everyday routine
Now it does not seem very real and even a little fantastic, but until recently it was difficult to imagine that a space rocket will be reusable, but Elon Musk did. Moreover, now there are projects that develop incredibly smart surveillance systems. For example, a blockchain startup Faceter, which offered its users a new technology based on neural networks, mining and vague calculations. Combining these three components will help to create a “smart vision”, which we discussed above.
You can have different attitudes to video surveillance, however, we live in a period of technology development, which should facilitate our lives and make it more comfortable and safer. Decentralized surveillance should and will be different from past variations of such systems, because it is intended to be more independent, quick and smart.
Faceter became known not so long ago due to the fact that I spent one of the most successful ICO in 2018, when it raised $28 million Since the end of ICO was not so much time, and the project is already preparing for the launch of the first product, which the company decided to exit the market — decentralized applications for video surveillance, which will allow users to connect their camera to take cameras for rent. And processing the video stream will be miners FACE, providing its power.
In parallel the company is developing so-called “intelligent eye” intelligent system for video processing, recognition, and response. By combining their development within a single decentralized platform, the company hopes to create available to any users a unique service, which will be a new qualitative step in the evolution of video surveillance systems.